Journal of the Korean Society of Cosmetology 2013;19(1):26-33.
Published online February 28, 2013.
남성의 미용성형수술에 영향을 미치는 심리적 변인에 관한 연구
최미혜, 김경희
The Effect of Psychological Characteristics on Male Cosmetic Surgery
Mi Hye Choi, Kyung Hee Kim
Cosmetic surgery does not resolve the fundamental problems, and it may result in psychological illness such as plastic surgery addiction, or a variety of cosmetic surgery side effects. Accordingly, cosmetic surgery is not deemed simply as a medical practice to pursue external beauty, but because it is closely related to psychological aspect, the appearance as well as their psychological state should be taken into consideration for persons who wish to undergo cosmetic surgery. Accordingly, this study aims at identifying perception of cosmetic surgery for man, and to reveal the psychological factors that may motivate men to undergo cosmetic surgery in order to accurately understand the reasons behind men`s cosmetic surgery, and to direct men in having a proper perception of beauty. The research method was to use and collect questionnaires that were edited by the researcher to fit the purpose of this study of which the respondents would fill in the answers. In order to make a comparative analysis between the status and perception of men`s cosmetic surgery, as the control group used to make comparative analyses on the psychological factors effecting men`s cosmetic surgery, men who did not receive nor have plans to receive cosmetic surgery with similar demographic variables as the men who received cosmetic surgery were sampled for examination. The results of this study are as follows. First, after comparing men who received cosmetic surgery and men who did not by using the symptoms checklist (SCL-90-R), results showed that men who received cosmetic surgery had a more stable mental state than men who did not receive cosmetic surgery for areas such as anxiety, hostility and fear. Secondly, after categorizing the gender role identity of men who received cosmetic surgery as masculine, feminine, androgyny and undifferentiated types, results showed that the frequency of men who received cosmetic surgery were in the order of feminine types, undifferentiated types, androgyny types, masculine types. Thirdly, when examining the relation of the physical image and physical distortion of men who received cosmetic surgery, there was a negative correlation between physical image and physical distortion.
Key Words: Male aesthetic surgery, Body-image, Gender role identity

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