Journal of the Korean Society of Cosmetology 2021;27(1):12-20.
Published online February 28, 2021.
반영구화장 관련 연구 동향 분석
구진희1, 김경은2
1숙명여자대학교 일반대학원 헬스산업학과
2숙명여자대학교 특수대학원 향장미용학과, 일반대학원 헬스산업학과
The Analysis of Semi-permanent Make-up Study Trend
Jin Hee Gu1, Kyung Eun Kim2
1Department of Healthy Industry, Sookmyung Women's University
2Department of Cosmetics and Beauty & Department of Healthy Industry, Sookmyung Women's University
Correspondence:  Kyung Eun Kim, Tel: 82-2-710-9211, 
Received: 21 August 2020   • Revised: 12 October 2020   • Accepted: 6 January 2021
This study analyzed the frequency of each research by setting classification criteria of the presentation time, research topic, research object, and research method of the research to understand the research trend related to semi-permanent makeup. From 2000 to 2019, 77 articles were published in Korea, which includes 28 dissertations and 49 journals. The quality and quantity of research has grown dramatically 59 items over the past five years. In terms of research topics, 50 items(63.93%) are related to satisfaction/preference/real condition, 16 items(20.77%) are related to design/technical/material/education, 8 items(10.38%) related to legalization, and 3 items(3.89%) related to hygiene/harmabilities/infection. In terms of research methods, human objects were the prevailing method(60 items, 64.93%), literature studies through material objects such as literature and experimental studies, through human/material objects were poor(17 items, 36.07%). The subjects related to satisfaction/preference/real condition and hygiene/harmabilities/infection were concentrated on research through human subjects, while the rest of the subjects has chosen relatively various research methods such as literature and experimental studies and research object such as human/material objects. Although the importance of the subject related to satisfaction/preference/real condition has been highlighted by the recent growth of the semi-permanent makeup market, the subject, which shows an overwhelming proportion compared to other subjects, focuses on the method of collecting the results of the questionnaire through various human subjects, which is a decisive factor in the bias of semi-permanent makeup-related research. Semi-permanent makeup shows a fundamental vulnerability due to lack of academic integration with the beauty detail field, and legal regulation of the procedure. Therefore, following effort should be put into the subject to overcome such limitations. Design/technique/material/education topics should be linked to existing makeup art, beauty materials, beauty equipment, beauty marketing and beauty education research. Hygiene/harmabilities/infection-related topics should be associated with existing Cosmetic Dermatology and cosmetic basic science research. As the discussion of the legalization of the semi-permanent makeup has been sparked, the topic of legalization is also urgent. In particular, there is a need for research on the enactment of the Korean semi-permanent makeup and the cases of foreign-related laws. Be vigilant so that satisfaction/preference/real condition topics are not settled as a means of avoiding academic challenges or problems. In the future, we must refine and diversify the research related to the semi-permanent makeup.
Key Words: Semi-permanent Make-up, Subject of the study, Trend Analysis

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